Fat and Sassy

my views on being larger than life.

the dangers of high fructose corn syrup March 27, 2010

Filed under: Uncategorized — erylin @ 2:51 pm
Tags: , , , ,

As an anthropologist I have know how corn can LOWER the life expectancy of an individual while increasing populations.  When the maya switched to a corn-based diet, their teeth quality and average skeleton age went down.  (but it was easy to grow and store so it allowed for cities….but I digress)  ..I have long been suspicious of high fructose corn syrup and how it inches its way into everything we eat.   I see it in cereal, pop, yogurt, pizzas, lean cuisine for fucks sake.  It’s in sauces, in katschup…its shows up at restaurants (Chilies ribs for one) and just about every single prepared food under the sun.    well, a new study at Princeton university has found what may be the trigger for the obesity epidemic. 

A Princeton University research team has shown that not all sweeteners are created equal.   Rats with access to HFCS gained MUCH more weight than those with access to cane sugar, even if the total caloric intake was exactly the same.  In addition to causing significant weight gain in lab animals, long-term use of HFCS also led to abnormal increases in body fat, especially in the belly (and we all know the dangers  of OMG BELLY FAT) and a rise in circulating blood fats called triglycerides.  

Humm….maybe it IS big agribusiness selling us chemicals in everything that we eat making us fat……. sort of like I thought all along (thank GOD my dad had a degree in  chemistry and hated it as well…thank GOD growing up we thought Katie had corn allergies… wait a second…maybe the fact my little sister NEVER got HFCS until well into her teens as we thought she had a corn allergy.   We never had anything prepared…dad made almost everything from scratch.    Maybe I ended up fat because I DID eat HFCS until about 7 when we found her corn allergy.   but i digress…..

“Some people have claimed that high-fructose corn syrup is no different than other sweeteners when it comes to weight gain and obesity, but our results make it clear that this just isn’t true, at least under the conditions of our tests,” said psychology professor Bart Hoebel, who specializes in the neuroscience of appetite, weight and sugar addiction. “When rats are drinking high-fructose corn syrup at levels well below those in soda pop, they’re becoming obese — every single one, across the board. Even when rats are fed a high-fat diet, you don’t see this; they don’t all gain extra weight.”

The results were published online in the journal Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, the researchers from the Department of Psychology and the Princeton Neuroscience Institute reported on two experiments investigating the link between the consumption of high-fructose corn syrup and obesity.  the results were released on march 18th.

The first study gave rats HFCS water in one group, and cane or table sugar-water in another group, in addition to regular rat chow.  The concentration of sugar in the sucrose solution was the same as is found in some commercial soft drinks, while the high-fructose corn syrup solution was half as concentrated as most sodas.

The second experiment — the first long-term study of the effects of high-fructose corn syrup consumption on obesity in lab animals — monitored weight gain, body fat and triglyceride levels in rats with access to high-fructose corn syrup over a period of six months. Compared to animals eating only rat chow, rats on a diet rich in high-fructose corn syrup showed characteristic signs of a dangerous condition known in humans as the metabolic syndrome, including abnormal weight gain, significant increases in circulating triglycerides and augmented fat deposition, especially visceral fat around the belly. Male rats in particular ballooned in size: Animals with access to high-fructose corn syrup gained 48 percent more weight than those eating a normal diet.

These rats aren’t just getting fat; they’re demonstrating characteristics of obesity, including substantial increases in abdominal fat and circulating triglycerides,” said Princeton graduate student Miriam Bocarsly. “In humans, these same characteristics are known risk factors for high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, cancer and diabetes.” In addition to Hoebel and Bocarsly, the research team included Princeton undergraduate Elyse Powell and visiting research associate Nicole Avena, who was affiliated with Rockefeller University during the study and is now on the faculty at the University of Florida. The Princeton researchers note that they do not know yet why high-fructose corn syrup fed to rats in their study generated more triglycerides, and more body fat that resulted in obesity.

High-fructose corn syrup and sucrose are both compounds that contain the simple sugars fructose and glucose, but there at least two clear differences between them. First, sucrose is composed of equal amounts of the two simple sugars — it is 50 percent fructose and 50 percent glucose — but the typical high-fructose corn syrup used in this study features a slightly imbalanced ratio, containing 55 percent fructose and 42 percent glucose. Larger sugar molecules called higher saccharides make up the remaining 3 percent of the sweetener. Second, as a result of the manufacturing process for high-fructose corn syrup, the fructose molecules in the sweetener are free and unbound, ready for absorption and utilization. In contrast, every fructose molecule in sucrose that comes from cane sugar or beet sugar is bound to a corresponding glucose molecule and must go through an extra metabolic step before it can be utilized.

In the 40 years since the introduction of high-fructose corn syrup as a cost-effective sweetener in the American diet, rates of obesity in the U.S. have skyrocketed, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 1970, around 15 percent of the U.S. population met the definition for obesity; today, roughly one-third of the American adults are considered obese, the CDC reported. High-fructose corn syrup is found in a wide range of foods and beverages, including fruit juice, soda, cereal, bread, yogurt, ketchup and mayonnaise. On average, Americans consume 60 pounds of the sweetener per person every year.

“Our findings lend support to the theory that the excessive consumption of high-fructose corn syrup found in many beverages may be an important factor in the obesity epidemic,” Avena said.

Some interesting food for thought…and it DEFINATELY will make me shop more on the OUTSIDE of the store as opposed to the inside.

 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100322121115.htm

Advertisements
 

Quick hit : fat and work stress March 26, 2010

Filed under: FH,FN,FS — erylin @ 2:00 pm
Tags: , , , , ,

from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100324142133.htm

A new study that provides a snapshot of a typical American workplace observed that chronic job stress and lack of physical activity are strongly associated with being overweight or obese.

Unexpectedly, researchers also found that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables did little to offset the effect of chronic job stress on weight gain among the employees, who were mostly sedentary. Instead, exercise seemed to be the key to managing stress and keeping a healthy weight.

University of Rochester Medical Center researchers conducted the study of 2,782 employees at a large manufacturing facility in upstate New York, but the results could be applicable to almost any job situation in which layoffs, or lack of control at work, is a major concern.

The Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine published the research in January 2010.

  the study found that over and over, Fernandez’s team heard the same story from the upstate workers: After spending the day sitting in stressful meetings or at their computers, they looked forward to going home and “vegging out” in front of the TV. Anecdotally, researchers also discovered that when pink slips were circulating, the snacks highest in fats and calories would disappear quickest from the vending machines. Some workers said they did not take the time to eat well or exercise at lunch because they were fearful of repercussions from leaving their desks for too long.

 

Obesity as metabolic protection March 11, 2010

Filed under: Uncategorized — erylin @ 3:30 pm
Tags: , , , ,

 from science daily

The collection of symptoms that is the metabolic syndrome — insulin resistance, high cholesterol, fatty liver, and a greater risk for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke — are all related to obesity, but, according to a review in the March 9th issue of Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, not in the way you probably think they are.

In fact, says Roger Unger of the University of Texas Southwestern at Dallas, obesity is the body’s way of storing lipids where they belong, in fat tissue, in an effort to protect our other organs from lipids’ toxic effects. It’s when the surplus of calories coming in gets to be too much for our fat tissue to handle that those lipids wind up in other places they shouldn’t be, and the cascade of symptoms known as metabolic syndrome sets in.

Unger cites plenty of evidence in support of a protective role for obesity. Genetic manipulations in mice that increase or decrease fat formation have provided evidence that adipogenesis, meaning the generation of fat cells, delays other metabolic consequences of overeating. The reverse is also true, he writes. Obesity-resistant mice have in some cases been found to develop severe diabetes upon eating too much, as a result of lipid accumulation in tissues other than fat.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100308122023.htm

 

Quick hit: teenager suicides after fat shaming February 20, 2010


from http://m.news.com.au/MostPopularNews/pg/0/fi465542.htm;jsessionid=D75FEACBC2EB3860E319D2DFF0DAC22D

what is it going to take for people to think that fat shaming is a big deal?   (Warning may be triggering, espically for those that were bullied)

 

 

TEENAGE waitress committed suicide after relentless bullying by her co-workers, court is told. Brodie Panlock, 19, was spat on, called fat and ugly and, on one occasion, had fish oil poured all over her hair and clothes. One tormentor even told her to take rat poison. Ms Panlock, who worked at Cafe Vamp in Melbourne, jumped to her death in September 2006.

Former Vamp employees Nicholas Smallwood, Rhys MacAlpine and Gabriel Toomey have all pleaded guilty in Melbourne Magistrates’ Court to failing to take reasonable care for the health and safety of persons. The cafe’s owner, Marc Luis Da Cruz, and his company MAP Foundation have pleaded guilty to two charges, including failing to provide and maintain a safe working environment. The court was crowded with Ms Panlock’s friends and family as they heard distressing details of her ordeal.

 Prosecutor Gary Livermore told a pre-sentence hearing that witnesses had seen several of the accused pour fish oil into Ms Panlock’s kitbag and then pour it over her, reducing her to tears. They had also called her fat and ugly and spat on her. Magistrate Peter Lauritsen was told that Ms Panlock had tried to commit suicide in May 2006 by taking rat poison after being rejected by Smallwood, with whom she’d had an intimate relationship. Mr Livermore said that after that incident rat poison was put in her bag, and MacAlpine had told her to go and take it.

 At a coroner’s hearing in 2008, Meghan Chester, a former barista at Cafe Vamp, said Ms Panlock had no confidence in her beauty or worth. “I have worked in the hospitality industry for 10 years, but I have never seen anything like what those … males did to Brodie,” Ms Chester said. In the statement read to the court, Ms Chester said that the accused had taken bullying “to another level”. Ms Panlock’s father told the court that he was devastated that he was not able to protect her. “As a father, one of my main duties to my family was to protect my wife and children – I feel very upset I couldn’t protect Brodie from what she went through,” he said. Her mother said that she had been on medication since her death and found it difficult to sleep. “Brodie was such a big part of my life,” she said.

 Da Cruz told the court that his family was shattered by Ms Panlock’s death and he had put his restaurant up for sale and was intending to move to Queensland. The pre-sentence hearing is continues.

Is THIS enough?   She killed herself because you told her to because she’s too fat….Happy now trolls?  Is the only good fatty a dead fatty?   Bet your ass if it had been because she was gay,…. or because she was black or because she was disabled…. or because she was a woman it would have been different.   It would have made worldwide news, and people would have called it MURDER or manslaughter not “failure to take reasonable care for the health and safety of persons”   oh, but wait you want to say being fat is a choice?  well so is being muslim….or chirstian…or jewish…..so jihad right?   /headdesk

And the worst part?  she was 19…at WORK.   ITs supposed to get EASIER after high school…we are all adults right?  apparently not….and apparnetly your boss will look on and giggle too, or they wouldn’t be charged (and found guilty) as well.   THIS is the face of anti-fat bias people.   Look at it……then DO something about it.

RIP Brodie Panlock….i hope you can find peace.

 

Science roundup wed February 17, 2010


Found some interesting articles…none really need much commentary, so ill do a blurb and a link today:

Diabetes and impluse control.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100210194404.htm – Apparently people with type 2 diabetes have poor impulse control.  I have a few issues with it…..first there ws only about 37 folks studied, hardly a “diverse” or representative group….secondly, the study, being done in Japan, had a very narrow (Asian) test group.  I disagree with the methodology in this study (testing whether I push a button or not has very little to do with when i will eat a cupcake) But it is an interesting point, and the article seems careful to not called people lazy or stupid or lacking willpower.   Choice quote: “This suggests the possibility that the neuropsychological deficits in response inhibition may contribute to the behavioral problems leading to chronic lifestyle-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes” 

PCOS and fatty tissue

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100202101253.htm  the headline reads “Fat Behaves Differently in Patients With Polycistic Ovary Syndrome”…and what they find is “Fat tissue in women with polycystic ovary syndrome produces an inadequate amount of the hormone that regulates how fats and glucose are processed, promoting increased insulin resistance and inflammation, glucose intolerance, and greater risk of diabetes and heart disease, according to a study conducted at the Center for Androgen-Related Research and Discovery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.”    In other words, PCOS patients don’t produce enough of the stuff that reduces inflammation (according to MEME Roth one of the “causes” of overfatness) AND the same hormone regulates insulin.   Insulin, you will remember regulates sugar processing.   researchers DID find that the fat tissue acted the same for fat and skinny PCOS patients, so for once this is NOT getting blamed on fatty fatty 2×4.

(Weight loss) drugs are bad…..mmmkaaaay?

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20100212/hl_nm/us_hydroxycut_liver  We all remember hydroxcut….pretty fat model gets to be hot/crazy/but SKINNY model.  It was pulled from the market a while ago amid liver damage allegations.   “Looking at factors like patients’ risk factors for liver disease and the timing of their Hydroxycut use, the researchers found that for eight of the liver-damage cases, there was a greater than 95 percent likelihood that the weight-loss aid was to blame.”   and this is out of 18 NEW cases that thee FDA never heard about.    Personally I don’t belive in weight loss drugs…they are either outright fakes, bad speed, or huge dose of diuretics or laxatives….most if not all are untested on humans or can’t stand up to the trials of the FDA approval process.  IF a weight loss pill worked, do you really think BIg Pharma and the medical industry in general would REALLY not make a buck off it?   they would slap millions in front of the inventor and suck up that patent lickety split.

 

 

Childhood Obesity: its not the TV its the junk food commericals. February 9, 2010


http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100209095753.htm

Found a great article about childhood obesity rates and their exposure to not just tv but junk food commercials.

 The association between television viewing and childhood obesity is directly related to children’s exposure to commercials that advertise unhealthy foods, according to a new UCLA School of Public Health study published in the American Journal of Public Health.

The study, conducted by Frederick J. Zimmerman and Janice F. Bell, is the first to break down the types of television children watch to better determine whether different kinds of content may exert different effects on obesity.

The researchers gathered data from primary caregivers of 3,563 children, ranging from infants to 12-year-olds, in 1997. Through time-use diaries, study respondents reported their children’s activities, including television viewing, throughout the course of an entire weekday and an entire weekend day.

The analysis controlled for the amount of physical activity and the children’s gender, age, race/ethnicity, mother’s body mass index (BMI), education and sleep time.

Among all children, commercial viewing was significantly associated with higher BMI, although the effect was stronger for children younger than 7 than for those older than 7, the study found.

“The persistence of these results, even when the child’s baseline weight status was controlled, suggests that the association between commercial television viewing and obesity does not arise solely or even primarily because heavier children prefer commercial television,” said Zimmerman, professor and chair of health services at the School of Public Health and the lead author of the study.

Non-commercial viewing, including watching DVDs or educational television programming, had no significant association with obesity.

According to the authors, the findings strongly suggest that steering children away from commercial television may be effective in reducing childhood obesity, given that food is the most commonly advertised product on children’s television and the fact that almost 90 percent of children begin watching television regularly before the age of 2.

By the time they are 5 years old, children have seen an average of more than 4,000 television commercials for food annually. During Saturday morning cartoons, children see an average of one food ad every five minutes. The vast majority of these ads — up to 95 percent — are for foods with poor nutritional value, the researchers say.

“Commercial television pushes children to eat a large quantity of those foods they should consume least: sugary cereals, snacks, fast food and soda pop,” Zimmerman said.

Why does it take a study to point out what to me is common sence?   Part of growing up in our society today is to learn to be a consumer…..the first 20 years they sell sugar…and the rest of your life they feed you diet food to NEGATE the sugar you were sold for the first 20 years.   I know…lets all get tivo and computers and forget this whole commercial thing…then the only brands we would hear about would incorporate themselves into the tv itself.  Scary thing is, the companies are getting hip and worming their way into tv itself.    Project runway has l’oreal and overstock.com , Extreme makeover:home edition is Sears,  American Idol is a coke commercial (every week they drink a different coke product..theres a coke red room for chrissake).   Whats next for kids when they realize the consumer shift away from tv, away form the commercials that make kids go MOMMY I WANT FROSTED FLAKES?  are we gonna have Sponge Bob work at McDonald’s?   IS Hannah Montana going to eat only Kelloggs?

 

Paul Campos is my new God February 6, 2010


Just a quick quote for today.  but its a good one and it bears repeating…and repeating…and putting on posters to hand to people who tell you “but you should lose weight for your health….”   and as a sticker to put on every weight loss ad you see.   I need to make some…like a warning sticker…something you could stick on magazines at doctors offices….and bigger ones for posters…..I know i would buy some FA stickers that are like the smokers warning labels but have fat acceptance facts from studies.  stuff like “95% of diets fail within 2 years” or “dieting makes you fat” or something…but i digress as usual, gogo ADHD.   Anyway onto the quote…..I know I need to remind myself (sometimes daily) the futility of dieting and trying to change my weight…its so easy to go back to what doesn’t work but society is trying to sell you…..

This is from Paul Campos, who first started researching fat and its role in society when studying the Monica Lewisnski scandal.  It is taken from the Fat and Identity Politics: Lecture from the recent UCLA lectures.  He is a professor of law at the University of Colorado and author of “The Obesity Myth: Why America’s Obsession With Weight Is Hazardous to Your Health.”

“…this is the part that never ever gets acknowledged by people who know better, even though they will acknowledge it and then renounce that they have acknowledged it moments later. We can’t make people thin, okay? There’s no empirical proposition in medicine that is better established than this. There is no known way to produce significant long-term weight loss in a stastically significant population. We just don’t know how to do it. And that includes weight loss surgery or stomach amputation. That does not produce significant long-term weight loss among most people who undergo it. Certainly what absolutely fails completely in terms of significant long-term weight loss is haraunging people about their weight. And telling them that if they ate right and exercised more they would be thin. For vast majority of people that description is a complete failure. It’s hopefully relatively rare in medicine, in particular, and social policy in general, to keep pursuing an intervention which is demonstrably a failure over and over again. Now I’m sure many of you are familiar with the definition of insanity, it’s doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. That’s just another word for dieting.”